Industries Dying in the United States

It is virtually in the news everywhere you look on television, in the newspapers, even on the radio. Some United States industries are becoming extinct. Companies that are in the industry business are seeing the affects of the economy. This is evident when viewing the gross domestic product. The labor force is shrinking.Economics, being the study of goods and services: the study of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services has become a dreary outcome for those companies not being able to survive the economic downturn.The foreign competition industries are far from becoming extinct. The labor force is growing overseas. Why is this? Foreign competitions dollar value is becoming stronger. The foreign industries are not having to deal with technology and rising costs that American industries are enduring.The economically challenged United States industries include various companies. Some of the United States industries that are becoming extinct and economically challenged include the various manufacturing industries. Included in the dying industries are the textile production companies.
Some United States industries are trying to adapt and change to survive hard economic times. Some struggles the dying industries face are of great concern to many other industries that are indirectly affected. The industries dying in the United States are struggling with a decrease in number of employees. Along with this, the economy has more than contributed to weakened income sources and industry output.More dying industries are popping up as the economy weakens. More companies will have to adapt and turn to more profitable forms of business or fold and go out business. The economic downturn is expected to continue to reveal economically challenged companies through the year 2011, perhaps longer.Dying industries are prevalent however there are those that will rebound. Some companies will have to adapt to new industries if wanting to stay in business and others will simply rebound. There are always ups and downs in an economy. For some American companies they will not have to worry about going extinct. These industries include the housing markets. In past time, and history usually repeats itself, the housing and financial markets have declined from time to time then promptly rebounded. Some companies can depend on cyclical downturns and upturns and remain fairly stable economically.No one can say with out any doubt exactly what types industries will simply go extinct. When companies are able to remain flexible, grow and change to new improving markets they can become stable once again, just in a new market or perhaps a slightly altered market. Some industries will survive by supplying in niche within their industry. Some will avoid an economic disaster altogether by cutting back as needed, then going forward again when the economy stabilizes.Projections and analysis of dying industries can be tricky in an unstable economy. In manufacturing perhaps this outcome is not so difficult to predict even for the public, the consumer.Dying industries can change to keep their bottom line economics in place. The dying industries can diversify or expand into new types and forms of products and or services. For example, look at how the telephone companies dealt with declining land line sales. The phone companies simply expanded into the current rising market of the wireless market. Another example, videos stores. Video stores have expanded into online web services. Some industries now start the hiring process online. Bowling alleys and kids entertainment industries have expanded into providing other goods, such as food and drinks, to keep their place of business open and financially stable and somewhat successful. Even newspaper industries have taken the paper copy and made it a virtual copy, subscriptions online, not losing sales just altering the means in which their projected cash flow flows into the company. Some industries will remain a dying breed and either relocate into a different market or close business altogether because of continuing revenue loss and the high costs of maintaining a business. The industries that keep up with the changing times will survive and perhaps even thrive more when the economy stabilizes once again.

Industrial Ceramics: The Future Of Material Science

The cycle of human evolution started taking giant leaps post the discovery of fire. Post the discovery of fire, the Neanderthals experimented by heating clay forms. This heating of clay resulted in changing the molecular structure of clay forming a type of clay that would soon revolutionize the way human race would survive and evolve. This early material was later on termed as ‘Ceramic’ borrowing its name from the Greek word ‘keramikos’.Scientifically, ceramics are inorganic and non-metallic solids. These materials are prepared by heating and subsequent cooling of basic inorganic and non-metallic materials. The heating and cooling action imparts the desired mechanical properties to the ceramics. A series of permutations and combinations are possible for heating temperatures and cooling timings. These combinations impart varying levels of hardness, ductility, strength, malleability, etc. to the ceramics.The science of ceramics has evolved and established its significance to the modern engineering industry. Due to the ability to have high melting points, low conductivity of thermal and electrical charges, resistance to chemical reactions, etc. Ceramics are preferred and developed for complex applications. Their light weight and ease of use make them an ideal choice for both high end and low end Industrial applications.The Industrial ceramics are made with precisions. The expected product can be modelled and based on the outcome, the ingredients of the ceramics are determined. The chemicals, materials, temperatures and cooling time of the material are pre-set and modelled as per the outcomes. Furthermore, the ceramics can be moulded into any desired shape and form adding to is usability quotient for industries.Ceramics have transcended their usefulness to human race from earthen pots to modern aerospace applications. From the field of electronics to avionics and mechanical to electrical conduits, ceramics are widely used and preferred in Industrial applications. The semiconductor industry for example, benefits greatly from the low electrical conductivity of ceramics. Modern ICs are expected to be faster and smaller at the same time. This puts immense pressure on the material and Industrial ceramics stand the test of time for such unique applications. Ceramic manufacturing standards are established by the industry to ensure that desired outputs are modelled as per standard requirements.Engineering ceramics are preferred for mas and batch production in industries. The non-corrosion and non-reaction ability of ceramics make them an ideal candidate for castings. The liquid metals can be poured in the castings made of ceramics without the vessels reacting with the poured element. Also, due to low thermal conductivity coefficient, the ceramic containers are easier to handle and manoeuvre in industry.Due to their light weight, the ceramics are finding huge applications in aviation industry. Also, due to the smooth surface finishes that they can bear without hampering the inherence qualities expected from the material, Automobile industry uses Industrial ceramics to great extent. In manufacturing industry, ceramic tiles are used as fire brick lining materials in boilers. The tiles are designed and prepared in such a way that they can withstand temperatures in excess of 18000C. Due to the non-thermal conductivity, the ceramic materials become an obvious choice for furnaces.Gauging the importance the science of ceramics are assuming in the modern engineering context, Universities are incorporating special courses on advanced ceramics and industrial ceramics. The more researchers are learning about the science of ceramics, the more possibilities are emerging for its potentials for human kind. Whether they are the complex problems of space materials to the intriguing material issues while working beneath the crust of the earth, the answers rests in the usage of ceramics. The next phase of evolution is just unfolding and the possibilities are endless.